The Romito Cave

The important discovery, which occurred in 1961 in the territory of Papasidero, has shed a light on the extraordinary events of the prehistoric northern Calabria, and showed that it was inhabited by at least 20,000 years ago.
The man was Romito of cro-Magnon race, he did not know to keep the cattle and did not know agriculture and processing of ceramics.
The cave is divided into two distinct: the real, about twenty meters deep, which goes into the limestone formation with a narrow and dark tunnel and the guard that extends for about 34 meters to the east-west.
For the Neolithic analysis of carbon 14 has since 4470 BC while for the layers of the upper Paleolithic, the oldest dating back so far, dating back to around 16,800 years BC Homo sapiens lived very intensely grotta leaving countless testimonies of its passage through bone and stone tools, in the wonderful graffiti and the remains of their skeletons.

The figure of a bull, about 1.20 meters long, is engraved on a boulder of about 2.30 meters in length and angle of 45 °. The design of perfect proportions, is made with stretch safely.

Horns, two side views are projected forward and have a closed profile. Are represented with some care, such as the nostrils, mouth, the eye just mentioned, the ear. Clear in the skin folds of the neck and very accurately describes the slotted foot.

Through a segment of the figure in relation to the kidneys. Below the great figure of a bull is cut, much more subtly, another figure of bovine animals to which they are executed only the chest, his head and part of the back. In front of the rock with the bovine animals there is another of about 3.50 meters long, with a linear cut of meaning apparently incomprehensible.

The attendance of the Neolithic cave of Romito is documented by the detection of fifty ceramic pieces that reveal the existence of the transit trade of obsidian from the Aeolian Islands. In the cave, visited by many tourists, you can see, the place of their discovery, the reproductions of tomb dated around 9200 years BC , Each containing a pair of individuals arranged in a well-defined ritual.

One of these pairs of burial was found in the cave and two other couples in the shelter, not far from the rock with the figure of the bull. Of these pairs of skeletons, the first is kept in the National Museum of Reggio Calabria, the second is located in the Florentine Museum of Prehistory, together with policies chips (about 300) are examined in the different layers in the shelter and the cave, the third is still subject of study by the Institute of Prehistory of Florence.

Recent excavations have unearthed the remains of a fourth burial of even more ancient past, clear evidence of an intense attendance Romito of the shelter by prehistoric man.